DOI: 10.55524/ijircst.2021.9.6.10 | DOI URL: https://doi.org/10.55524/ijircst.2021.9.6.10
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
Laxmi Goswami , Deepak Singh
A fiber optics is a transparent, flexible fabric made of plastic or glass with a diameter slightly bigger than human hair. It's mostly used to transmit light from one fiber end to the other. This kind of transmission is often used in fiber optic communication, where an optic fiber link delivers data over a longer distance and with a higher bandwidth than an electrical line. The optical fiber communication system and network is now undergoing a significant transformation from a static, scalable, energy-efficient, and flexible design to a dynamic, scalable, energy-efficient, and adaptable approach. We look at the evolution of optical network technologies and methods in the fifth century in this article. The fibre optics biosensor is extremely important in the production of biosensors since it helps to quickly miniaturise and integrate those targets. Fiber optics has advanced dramatically since the fourth generation, with data rates reaching 40-60 tbps, repeater spacing reaching 35000 km, and wavelengths reaching 1.5 micrometres.
1] Beas J, Castanon G, Aldaya I, Aragon-Zavala A, Campuzano G. Millimeter-wave frequency radio over fiber systems: A survey. IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials. 2013.
 Muller Kam RS. Surface-micromachined microoptical elements and systems. Proc IEEE. 1998;
 LaRosa LE, Buckley TJ, Wallace LA. Real-time indoor and outdoor measurements of black carbon in an occupied house: An examination of sources. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2002;
 Zhang QJ, Wang P, Sun XF, Zhai Y, Dai P, Yang B, et al. Amplified spontaneous emission of an Nd3+-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) optical fiber at ambient temperature. Appl Phys Lett. 1998;
 Geiser F, Wytrykus F, Spicher U. Combustion control with the optical fibre fitted production spark plug. In: SAE Technical Papers. 1998.
 Eriksen E, Hansen HN. Surface topography of machined fibre reinforced plastics obtained by stylus instruments and optical profilometers. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part B J Eng Manuf. 1998;
 Maxim LD, Allshouse JN, Chen SH, Treadway JC, Venturin DE. Workplace monitoring of refractory ceramic fiber in the United States. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2000;
 Bignion E, Spicher U. Investigation of the influence of top land crevice geometry on hydrocarbon emissions from SI engines. In: SAE Technical Papers. 1998.
 Imai R, Saifudin A, Okazawa H, Kadowaki N, Yamamoto M. System study on advanced Gigabit satellite communications. Acta Astronaut. 1997;
 Themistos C, Rahman BMA, Rattan KTVG. TM/TE modal solutions for submicron lossy metal-clad optical fibres. IEE Proc Optoelectron. 1998;
SOEIT, Sanskriti University, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India (email@example.com)
No. of Downloads: 26 | No. of Views: 486